Double Red Sweet Corn

Double Red Sweet Corn
Double Red Sweet Corn

Sunday, December 26, 2010

PEACE SEEDS 2011 Seed List

PEACE SEEDS 2011 Seed List

PeaceSeeds.cn

A Planetary Genome Pool Service

Plant Breeding for the Public Domain

Pacific Northwest (PNW) Eco-Adaptive Seeds

Alan and Linda Kapuler

2011

To Order

Send your list of requests to Peace Seeds, 2385 SE Thompson St., Corvallis OR 97333-1919 USA, with a check or well concealed cash for the appropriate amount including $3, shipping and handling. For orders outside of the USA, please include 30% of cost of order for airmail postage and handling. We can be emailed at alkapuler@yahoo.com

Appreciation and Recognition

To Dylana Kapuler and Mario DiBenedetto, dba Peace Seedlings. For a 2011 list send a SASE to 2385 SE Thompson St., Corvallis OR 97333 USA.

To Peace Seedlings for a great crop of Double Red Sweet Corn in 2010

To James Lawson for PeaceSeeds.com and Bi Jihuan for PeaceSeeds.cn

To Hal Brown, Tracy and Dan Lamblin.

To Peter Liebes and Judy Weiner, Windy River Farm.

To the SSE, GRIN, Steve Northway, seedfolk locally and worldwide.

To Bob Dylan, Joan Baez and The Grateful Dead.

Thanks to all of you, the endeavor grows.

Terms of Business

We are responsible that the seeds we supply and fertile and correctly labeled. We are glad to reimburse anyone dissatisfied to the cost of the seeds and no more, or to re-supply given kinds. We are not responsible for the mis-use of the seeds or the plants that arise from them. Our seeds exceed state and federal germination requirements. We list the minimum number of seeds per packet. Frequently we pack more, depending on the harvest. Seeds from our breeding work and other staple crops are grown eco-adaptively in our 3 acre Peace Seeds and Peace Seedlings garden aka Brown’s Garden. A few kinds come from our home garden. Brian Walker and Locally Grown Seeds provided most of the pea seeds. The remainder are collected in the PNW or in other places that we visit.

Introduction

After decades of writing seed lists and catalogs, this is the second time using the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group 2 System, called APG2. There is a further update called APG3 which is not included here. For a good introduction see P. Spears 2006 A Tour of the Flowering Plants, Missouri Botanical Garden Press or enquire on-line under APG2/3. If you would like an 8.5”x14” xerox copy of our Kinship Gardening bed diagram layout for the world flora using APG2, send an extra dollar with your order.

THE ANGIOSPERMS=The FLOWERING PLANTS

MONOCOTS

Asparagales

Agavaceae

Camassia leichtlinii v. leichtlinii

Camas Hyacinth, major Maturity 1-5 years 100/4.00

One of the major PNW Amerindian foodplants. We provide seeds of the white flowered variety of this species corresponding to the type. The more common and widely spread one has purple flowers. Both have edible bulbs of one of the major foodplants of this bioregion. At one time, the Willamette Valley in springtime was a blue-purple blaze from the coast range to the Cascades as the camas was widespread and prolific. Camas was tended with care by the people who harvested it. Now it is marginalized. Burbank, 85 years ago bred cultivars with large bulbs and a variety of flower colors including pinks, blues, pale yellows to show that this is a multifunctional taxon with delicious bulbs and beautiful flowers. Calochortus has these traits in common.

Camassia quamash

Camas Hyacinth, minor Maturity 1-5 years 25/3.00

One of several species of camas used by PNW natives as a primary vegetable foodplant. Flowers are blue-purple, smaller than C. leichtlinii, as are the bulbs. Used for centuries, baked in pit ovens whence the bulbs which contain inulins caramelize into a delicious food.

Alliaceae

Allium cepa Newburg Yellow Storage Onion 100/3.50

An open pollinated selection from an F1 hybrid with excellent biological and agronomic

traits: tight wrappered single spherical bulbs, longterm storage, crisp medium hot flavor, selected under organic conditions.

Allium porrum Winter Giant Leeks 100/3.50

Long white shanks, 1-3” thick, hardy, overwinters well, heirloom.

Allium sativum Italian Purple Garlic-top bulblets 30/4.00

8-10 large easy peeling cloves per rosette; hard stalk/rocambole cultivar. Large rosettes if soil is well developed. Bulblets will give rosettes in single season under fertile conditions.

Ruscaceae

Ruscus aculeatus Knee Holly/Butcher’s Broom 7/5.00

Perennial shrub to 2 feet with sharp pointed leaflike structures and red berries. Is known to increase circulation and an herbal for varicose veins and hemorrhoids.

Alismatales

Alismataceae

Sagittaria latifolia Wapato 50/3.00

A widespread aquatic foodplant of north America, used by natives for untold centuries and of major importance in the pacific northwest where it also feeds ducks, geese, muskrats, nutria and beavers. Plants are attractive, to 3’, with large arrow-shaped leaves and spikes of 1” white flowers, male and female on the same flowering spikes, sometimes sexes on different plants. Seeds are fresh collected from plants we grow. Japanese high school students have found that seed germination is promoted by 300 ppm GA-3 (Gibberellic Acid-3) reducing germination time (from years to months) cf: http://ci.nii.ac.jp/naid/110001826078/en/

Dioscoreales

Dioscoreaceae

Dioscorea batatas Jinengo Potato 4/6.00

Temperate vine that develops 2-3’ or longer starchy edible roots, sometimes wrist sized and taking several years. On the vines, small aerial edible tubers develop which drop to the ground and produce new plants. We supply these vegetative seeds. An alternative name is Mountain Yam and this is a true yam, a dioscorea rather than a sweet potato which is a tuberous rooted morning glory with which it is frequently confused.

Poales

Poaceae

Zea mays Double Red Sweet Corn 1 ounce/6.00

Intense purple seeds from anthocyanin pigments similar to the ones found in blueberries.

Makes an extraordinary corn bread. Plants 5-7’, 1-2 ears/stalk. Dark purple stalks and leaves.

This is the best seed crop and selection since we began working with high anthocyanin

sweet corns more than 15 years ago.

Zea mays True Gold Sweet Corn 1 ounce/5.00

In 1955 three acres of Golden Jubilee Sweet Corn gave me food and shelter. One of the best corns bred in the USA, we offer an open pollinated selection from the original hybrid. Plants are 5-8’ tall, green, cobs with yellow-orange seeds high in zea-xanthin, one of the three pigments that protect our eyes from bleaching. A great sweet corn.

Zea mays Painted Hill Sweet Corn 1 ounce/120seeds/5.00

For many decades, Dave Christiansen grew native Amerindian starch corns at 5000’ in the Rocky Mountains selecting for survival and fertility. His Painted Mountain Starch Corn was crossed to Luther Hill Sweet Corn to develop the cultivar we offer. It is 5-6’ tall, tillered, multieared, adapted to cool, wet soils and been further selected by Peace Seedlings for dark multicolored seeds with few whites and yellows.

Zea mays Rainbow Inca Sweet Corn 1 ounce/6.00

Our first sweet corn breeding project in the late 1970’s with white seeded Peruvian chokelo starch corn, southwest native Amerindian starch corns and several predominantly heirloom sweet (su) corns. Inadvertently, with the help of underground rodents and persistence, we got some multicolored starch corn with large flat seed. The year after, we found a few multicolored crinkle seeds in the large mostly starch filled ears. Now Peace Seedlings has grown up some fresh seed that we are pleased to offer. 8’ green plants, 2 ears/plant.

BASAL EUDICOTS

Caryophyllales

Amaranthaceae includes Chenopodiaceae

Amaranthus andeana Elephant Head Heirloom 50/4.00

A Peruvian woman who walked into our greenhouse one day remarked ‘kiwicha’ upon seeing the mature cut plants that reminded her of an heirloom grain that she grew up with. Our seed came from Frances Hoffman whose plants in Nampa, ID grew 5’ tall and 6’ across with tall columnar drooping flower spikes that reminded her of elephants in her garden. Her seed came from Germany in the 1880’s. Curiously, Peru and Germany had political connections during that era. In Oregon’s Willamette Valley, plants are considerably smaller, 3-4’ and seed production is enhanced by letting plants fully age.. Beautiful, striking plants.

Amaranthus cruentus Hartman’s Giant 100/4.00

Once a year, in Jacksonville Oregon, in the 1970’s, Mr Hartman would fill a glass vase with about two pounds of tiny, shiny black seeds and give $100 to the person whose guess of the number of seeds was closest. I sent some seed to a friend who had an electrobalance to determine that a single seed weighed 0.6mg but it did no good, I never won but ended up with seeds of a vigorous cultivar to 10’ with large, dark purple paniculate inflorescences with excellent production of seeds.

Beta vulgaris Three Root Grex Beets 40/4.00

An interbreeding mix of three distinctive cultivars, Crosby Egyptian Purple Heirloom, Lutz Overwintering Heirloom and Yellow Intermediate Mangel Heirloom.

Chenopodium quinoa Faro 100/3.50

Sea level cultivar from Chile with white seeds, 3-4’ plants and fair seed production.

Bitter saponins can be washed from the seeds with warm water.

CORE EUDICOTS

ASTERIDS

Cornales

Cornaceae

Cornus kousa Kousa Dogwood 5/3.50

Hardy shrub to small tree with 1” spherical fruits with hard seeds and palatable sweet flesh. Another dogwood, Cornus mas, the Corneliancherry Dogwood seems to be somewhat confused with the Kousa Dogwood. The latter has a fruit juice appropriate for a sorbet. The former has a single large seed in a small, rather unjuicy fruit.

EUASTERIDS 1

Lamiales

Lamiaceae

Nepeta cataria Catnip 100/3.00

Traditional feline euphoric; seems to be cat specific. Hardy plants to 5’.

Ocimum sanctum Tulsi Basil 50/4.00

Annual in the temperate zone with soft, velvety leaves whose fragrance and medicinal qualities have been revered in India for millennia. A venerable teaherb.

Perilla frutescens Yamazaki Shiso 100/3.00

In their northern California garden, Kazuko and Jensai Yamasaki grew an aromatic, crisped purple leaved herb whose leaves they used to flavor and color the Prunus mume (Japanese flowering apricot) fruits that they salted and fermented into umeboshi plums. The salted plums have many beneficial health promoting properties and are an essential part of macrobiotic cuisine. This traditional Japanese shiso grows to 3’.

Solanales

Solanaceae

Capsicum Peppers-for an uplifting educational article about wild capsicum species peppers see http://www.saunalahti.fi/~thietavu/Chili/L_wild.htm

There is new interest in Capsicum with the discovery of more than a dozen new species in southeastern Brazil, all with 2n=26 chromosomes while the commonly known species have 2n=24. Further, as we grow more species and their cultivars, it seems that as for example in the following list of Capsicum baccatum distinguished by cultivar as well as variety, the different varieties could well be species. In part it will depend on interspecies fertility which can be further developed. Some C. baccatums are more cold tolerant than many of our cultivated peppers which are Capsicum annuum=C. chinense=C. frutescens.

Capsicum annuum Aci Sivri Cayenne 30/4.00

A Turkish heirloom adapted to cooler nights and clay soils that grows to 3’ and routinely produces 30-50 fruits per plant, 6-8” long, of mixed hotness from very little to medium that we eat fresh at most meals from summer through fall.

Capsicum baccatum v. baccatum

Criolla Sella Pepper Maturity-90 days 50/3.00

Small 1’ bushes, highly branched with remarkable production of 2-3” fruits

that mature orange; hot, good for soups.

Capsicum baccatum var pendulum

Malagueta Pepper Maturity-75 days 40/3.00

1-2’ bushes with pendant 3” fruits, hot, matures red.

Capsicum baccatum var pendulum

Omnicolor Pepper Maturity-80 days 20/4.00

Small sprawling plants with 2-3” elongate fruits that are cream colored, then blush with purple, then turn orange and finally mature red. Succulent fruits are hot, good fresh and lovely to grow.

Capsicum baccatum var pendulum

Orange Pendulum Pepper Maturity-80 days. 50/3.50

1-2’ bushes with 7-9” elongated fruits that mature orange. In the field the plants were 1’ tall and quite hardy to frost. In the greenhouse in pots in full light they were 2’ tall. In half light in another greenhouse, also in a pot, a plant grew more than 6’ in one season. Fruits are mildly hot, flavorful, eaten out of hand and used for cooking.

Capsicum baccatum var. umbilicatum

Monk’s Hat Pepper Maturity-120 days 50/5.00

Small 1-2’ bushes with unusual bell shaped, trilobed fruits. These are hot and dry to a bright red color, suggesting high levels of the tomato anti-oxidant lycopene.

Capsicum pubescens

Red Chile Manzano 25/4.00

The Apple Chile is sweet except for the central membranes that hold the seeds. These

are sprawling bushes with purple flowers and 2.5x1.5” fruits. A greenhouse perennial.

Seeds are black and plants have light green velvety leaves.

Capsicum pubescens

Gold Chile Manzano 25/4.00

Another Apple Chile but with smaller orange-yellow fruits 1”x1” that are not as hot as the

red ones. The flesh is sweet, seeds are black, a characteristic of the species.

Lycopersicon cheesmanii Galapagos Is. Tomato 30/5.00

Bushes to 3’, attractive foliage, yellow fruits, fine flavor, crosses to L. esculentum.

Lycopersicon esculentum Tomato

The genus Lycopersicon with about a dozen species in an interesting

place for gardeners to learn about species and how they were/are the foundation of modern cultivated varieties. The modern edible tomato has seeds 2-3x larger than those of the species. Plant architecture is different among the species and flavor of

the small wild fruits has distinction lost in many modern cultivars. The solids in the juices of tomato fruits are mostly free amino acids central to the function of our cells and bodies.

Early Willamette Bush Tomato 50/3.50

Determinate bushes with 3 flowerings and fruit sets. Fruits in clusters of 4-10 red fruits 0.5-2 ounces each, similar in earliness to Stupice.

Lycopersicon esculentum

Geranium Kiss Bush Tomato 25/4.00

Stocky 2’ plants with hypertresses of 10-25 red fruits of 1 ounce size, excellent flavor, makes 2-3 sets of flowers and fruits.

Lycopersicon esculentum

Joe Pesch Tomato 15/4.00

A pink tomato with a long acuminate tip, quite unusual and unique in tomato fruits

we have seen during the past decades, of excellent flavor and a gift from Peter Zukis of Talent Oregon.

Mr. Zukis, an accomplished gardener, got the seeds from an east coast buddy whose girlfriend’s grandfather was a market and produce gardener in New Haven Connecticut during the 1920’s. Joe Pesch brought it from Italy some time previous.

Lycopersicon esculentum

Peacevine Cherry Vine Tomato 50/3.50

Selected from a well known hybrid since the early ‘70’s, this vigorous indeterminate vine with two ranked flower spikes of a dozen flowers makes many very tasty 3/4” red fruits. In a university study of 30+ varieties of cherry tomatoes for Vitamin C content, this was #1. The fruit juice also contains 17 of the 20 amino acids used to make proteins with significant amounts of the neuromodulator GABA (gamma-amino butyric acid).

Lycopersicon esculentum

Red Centiflor Hypertress Cherry Tomato 50/5.00

From our cross of L. humboldtii, the Grape Tress Tomato with L. hirsutum arose this unanticipated cultivar with clusters of dozens to hundreds of flowers held above the foliage where the silky hairs of the flower buds resemble insects followed by clusters of large numbers of 1” red sweet fruits that resist cracking and rot.

Lycopersicon esculentum

Yellow Centiflor Hypertress Cherry Tomato 50/5.00

Derived from the same cross detailed in the previous listing, this line makes somewhat larger fruit, with a distinctive point on the end of the round bright fruits. While both parent species leading to this cultivar have 5-20 flowers in a spike, these centiflors (meaning 100 flowers) have hypertresses of flowers leading to a unique and distinguishing aspect.

Lycopersicon pimpinellifolium hybrid Matt’s Wild Cherry 25/4.00

Small red fruits in bichalazal racemes reminiscent of Sweet 100 or Peacevine Cherry. But the fruits are much smaller. The plants ramble extensively. The foliage is characteristic of the Currant Tomato.

Lycopersicon piriforme Pear Shaped Tomato 50/3.50

Shrubby plants to 2’ with many tasty, red, pear shaped fruits.

Physalis peruviana Giant Groundcherry 35/4.00

Rambling 3-5’ understorey plants treated as 7 month annuals in the temperate zone. 1” spherical berries are orange when ripe with a aromatic, fragrant and delicious flavor. Gabriel Howearth picked up some fruits in Guatemala in the late ‘60’s, passed them on to us and we have been maintaining it ever since. Start seeds in Jan-Mar for good outdoor crops. One plant in our main greenhouse grows over and around an 8 foot trellis. It has been thriving for more than 10 years.

EUASTERIDS 2

Apiales- close cousins of ginseng and the daisies

Apiaceae

Bunium bulbocastaneum Earth Chestnut 25/4.00

Small shrubby aggressive temperate perennial from Europe with small round

edible and tasty tubers. Propagates by seeds as well as stolons.

Heracleum susnowskii S. Siberian Giant Umbel 15/5.00

From South Siberia almost 20 years ago, now grown up into plants with 3-4’ across

leaves and a giant inflorescence of 8-10’ tall whose central umbel of tiny white flowers is

more than 14” across. Monocarpic with perennial character.

Lomatium species

We have been collecting small amounts of seeds of the desert parsleys, genus Lomatium, mostly from north central Oregon to southern Washington. This endemic genus with 60-80 species native to the Pacific Northwest having a range from northern California to southern British Columbia and extending eastward from the high desert plains to the Rockies has many species used by local native people for food, medicine and survival. Areas that are now occupied by Hanford were once food and species rich making it possible for a person, usually a woman, to gather 60 pounds of edible roots in a day. Some species were dried in the sun, pounded into flour and baked into breads. Names like breadroot or biscuitroot were applied to several species. These are not easy to identify though the seeds of each species we have seen thus far are uniquely distinctive. Seeds of Lomatiums have germinated well for us if planted from late November to March so they receive the cycles of rain, cold, frost, mist, sun….

Growing up larger plants is more difficult. Some species have very long primary taproots that make transplanting difficult. Soils too are an important factor and good drainage is essential.. We use mixtures of basalt scree, pebbles, sand, compost in an ongoing work dedicated to growing these rare, beautiful and disappearing species.

Lomatium californicum Wild Celery-Parsley 25/7.50

Umbel native to northern California and southern Oregon. Perennial herb to 1’ (3’ in spike) with large roots sometimes more than 10 pounds and hard to determine age but likely more than a hundred years old in wild, endemic populations. In one patch of several hundred plants, during the 20 years of our observation, there were no fertile seeds as weevils ate them thoroughly until after a drought there were no seeds at all and the subsequent year there were seeds and they were fertile. A PNW Amerindian foodplant: the roots are edible and used to flavor soups; leaves are fragrant and an excellent herb for salads, stir-fries and good health.

Lomatium dissectum Fern Leaf Desert Parsley 25/5.00

Well respected medicinal plant with powerful and bitter roots that come from slow growing large rooted perennials. From the Siskiyou’s to the Cascades and in the Gorge, these

umbels have yellow, sometimes pale yellow to purple flowers.

Lomatium nudicaule Pestle Parsnip 15/5.00

Eaten as spring greens and winter roots, there small herbs endemic to the PNW and used by generations of local native peoples for their nutrition and sustenance. The seeds were carried and distributed by medicine folk and healers with stories that they were used for bacterial infections like pneumonia and tuberculosis and virus infections like influenza.

Some of our best herbalists consider these seeds an effective and worthwhile replacement

for Lomatium dissectum roots. These plants take a long time to grow.

Lomatium suksdorfii Suksdorf’s Desert Parsley 10/5.00

Very large clumping perennials with stout inflorescences, rare.

Myrrhis odorata Sweet Cicely 15/4.00

Hardy perennial European herb with tasty immature 1/2” licorice tasting fruits that become fluted conical seeds. Attractive ferny foliage.

Pastinaca sativa Hollow Crown Parsnip 50/3.50

Excellent European Heirloom; long roots, large crowns, excellent flavor.

Petroselinum crispum Turkish Parsley 100/3.00

Selected from heirloom land races collected for the USDA and adapted to our yard during a decade of acclimatization and selection. Distinctive aroma and thin leaves.

Smyrnium olusatrum Alexander’s Salad Greens 25/3.00

Another tale of adaptation, selection and weediness: it took a while for this European species to germinate and adapt to our shady, moist, PNW valley yard. Then for a few years some nice large green plants flourished in january to march before much else was thriving. The next year, 1/4 of the yard was occupied by Alexander’s. Turns out that the compost pile needs fresh green during late winter and early spring. Now Alexander’s, more popular before celery was commercialized as a crop, is a prime ally for compost making, fertility enhancement and tasty spring greens for soup and salad.

Asterales

Asteraceae-largest family of dicots, 14-16 tribes, the golden daisies.of the sun.

Arctium lappa Takinogawa Burdock, Gobo 50/3.00

A staple of the macrobiotic and vegan diets. Long roots work their way into clay soils bringing up minerals and breaking thru hardpans. The roots can get bigger than one’s wrist. They contribute a unique flavor to soups and stir-fries and have nutritional/biochemical traits in common with milk thistle and globe artichoke.

Helianthus annuus Supreme Mix 50/3.00 800 seeds/7.50

Our ongoing annual selection from volunteers and plantings after decades of public domain sunflower breeding including polyheaded and large single heads, early and late flowering, single, double and tiger’s eye petal morphs, color variety including bronze, amber, red, gloriosa, yellow and lemon. Crosses with Helianthus argophyllus, the Silverleaf Sunflower, a rare Texas endemic have given some late giants, stiff multiflowered spikes and a longer flowering season.

Helianthus annuus x H. argophyllus China Cat Sunflower Mix 50/3.50

From the cross of Gloriosa Sunflower, 4-6” yellow flowers with purple blotches on the petals giving rings of color in the flowers, with Silverleaf Sunflower, 3-4” yellow flowers on stiff, long stems and fuzzy leaves, comes this ongoing development combining these species to improve horticultural and aesthetic traits. Towers of flowers and flower-thick spikes are in the genome.

Lactuca sativa Peace Seedlings Lettuce Mix 100/3.00

From the 2009 growout, a mix of more than 18 kinds in all categories.

Lactuca sativa Brown’s Garden Volunteers 100/3.00

Many excellent volunteers from more than a dozen kinds, 2010 crop.

Lactuca sativa Purplus Looseleaf Lettuce 100/4.00

Intense purple crisped leaves, a worthy new introduction., a plus for purple.

Silphium perfoliatum Cup Plant Daisy 25/3.50

Perennial to 8’ with large leaves that cup the central stem, clusters of 2” yellow flrs.

Tagetes erecta La Ribera Double Marigolds 50/4.00

From the single flower discussed in the following listing, we are selecting a beautiful polypetalous line with 3-4” thick double flowers on 5-7’ plants. Tolerates light frosts.

Tagetes erecta Summer Snowflake Marigolds 50/5.00

In 1997, in the sole restaurant in La Ribera, BSC, Mexico, there was a small dried up marigold plant with a single dried up flower. It had fertile seeds and was very heterozygous, giving rise to lines of both single petaled and polypetalous types. In 2009 we finally grew a stable line whose flowers have 8 orange petals looking like antelope horns and taken together led Kusra Kapuler to liken them to snowflakes in summertime. Plants get 4-5’ tall and bloom late into fall.

Tagetes patula Marigolds

Burgundy Double Mix Marigolds 50/5.00

Selecting China Cat Mix for polypetalous double flowers with intense wine purple burgundy flowers having gold margins led to this new mix. Plants are 3’ tall and equally wide.

Tagetes patula China Cat Mix Marigolds 50/3.00 800 seeds/7.50

A mix of single and double flowers. 2-3’ shrubs with marvelous colors and patterns. It is our core mix that gives rise to new varieties.

Tagetes patula China Idyll Mix Marigolds 50/3.50

Selected from China Cat MG to give 3-5’ plants, mostly double flowers.

Tagetes patula Frances’s Choice Marigolds 50/5.00

Towards the end of Frances Hoffman’s life, I would wander the garden and pick her a bouquet. She was a lifetime seed saver, horticulturist and plant genius so my eyes were open to the unusual and unique. By the time I had picked several dozen kinds of flowers, I walked down a 40’ row of China Cat MG and saw a heretofore unseen flower, single petaled ie 8 petals, dark red-purple with a gold rim around each petal. I cut the flower and put it in her bouquet and tagged the plant. A few days later, on the phone, she expressed her appreciation for the flowers. Her only specific comment was ‘that’s a right beautiful single marigold’. So having tagged the plant and collected several mature, fertile, seeding flowers. I planted them the following year and got a 40’ row, all with the same flower as I sent Frances. Of particular relevance here is that the seeds from the one plant, now called Frances’s Choice bred true in spite of the layout wherein the one plant was in a direct seeded row of about 300 plants of a marigold mix that upon close inspection can be seen to have virtually every plant different from one another. So we found that most of the T. patula’s breed true rather quickly. This is not true of Tagetes erecta which outcrosses very easily. Frances’s Choice is 3-5’ tall and has 8-9” long stems, ideal for picking for small, distinctive and outstanding bouquets.

Tagetes patula Garden Companion Mix Marigolds 50/3.00 800/7.50

We consider marigolds and sunflowers the most important companion flowers in the vegetable garden. This mix returns the tall and wide marigolds to our gardens. Plants are 2-8’ tall with a yearly changing mix of colors, patterns and morphs.

Tagetes patula Golden Star Marigolds 50/5.00

2-3’ stocky, well branched bushes with hundreds of 2” yellow and orange flowers that change color as the season progresses into burnt chrome, paisley and stardust.

Tagetes patula Orange Sunshine Mix Marigolds 50/3.50

Selected from China Cat, this is an ongoing orange flowered mix. A mixture of single and polypetalous flowers, or double flowers in the horticultural slang terminology. Flowers are fluffly making soft orange 3-4’ bushes.

Tagetes patula Red Metamorph Marigolds 50/5.00

2-3’ closely branched shrubs with flowers that change color and pattern during the season making floriforous and attractive hedges along pathways in the garden. In the cool weather of spring-summer the flowers are all wine-burgundy purple. As the days and nights become warmer, the flowers develop golden orange sectors giving a pinwheel-like appearance. Then as the cooler weather of fall comes on, the young flowers become all burgundy once again. The Metamorph’s or Face Changers were a race of people created by Robert Silverberg.

Tagetes patula Sparkler Double Marigolds 50/5.00

3-5’ tall plants with 2-3” double flowers, a selection from Frances’s Choice. Like its parental line, it has 8-9” flower stems making it another fine choice for marigold bouquets. In Mexico and Central America where Tagetes patula is a wildflower, it and Tagetes erecta are important health promoting herbs. Sacred to the Day of the Dead, these plants and their flowers are brought into houses and provide sesquiterpene fragrances that inhibits the growth of common infectious bacteria like staph, strep and pneumonia and their viruses. The bright flowers maintain well in mild frosts and last well into fall in the Willamette Valley. They light up our home for months and remind us that fragrance and color from organically grown flowers help our moods, brighten up our spirits and sustain our bodies as winter comes on.

Zinnia violacea Sunset Mix 25/3.50

A new mix developed by Peace Seedlings with many colors and morphologies on 3-5’ plants. Large attractive flowers with some new ones peeking through.

EUROSIDS 1

Cucurbitales

Cucurbitaceae

Cucurbita pepo Summer Squash

Costata Romanesca Vine Zucchini 20/4.00

Vigorous vines and excellent ribbed fruits with a star-like pattern in cross-section. This worthy Italian Heirloom grows delicious zucchinis for most of the summer into fall.

Curcurbita pepo Summer Squash Golden Bush Zucchini 20/4.00

Developed from an F1 hybrid, in collaboration with Richard Pecoraro, medium sized plants make long, golden fruits that brighten up stir-fries and make good raw snacks.

Cyclanthera pedata Achocha 15/4/00

One of the Andean vegetables considered a lost crop but for many of us this is a new

garden plant. Vines are prolific, thriving in our cool wet fall weather where myriad 1-2” green

cucurbitaceous edible, crunchy, nice fruits are produced.

Fabales

Fabaceae sustainer of the world soil fertility as homes for microbes and as green manure and cover crops. The legumes and roses have different species of bacteria that fix nitrogen in their roots yet the flowers are

Very different. Thus Linneaus supported a misconception about plant relationships that took more than 200 years to correct.

Cajanus cajan Pigeon Pea 20/4.00

Perennial nitrogen-fixer living 3-10 years, growing 6-10’ bushy plants that are a sustainable foodplant of tropical ecosystems. Growing and overwintering in our greenhouse, they began making flowers, pods and seeds the second year. Now, some years later we prune them down to 3-4’ and they regrow in the following season. Our seeds are a mix of two cultivars. A primary foodplant in zone 10 and warmer places, used for dahl and tempeh.

Glycine max Soybeans The Chinese call the soybean ‘the great bean’. In The Book of Tofu, Bill Shurtlieff promotes the soybean as the major protein food source for humanity. It is impressive that these seeds, originating in the colder northern regions of China, selected and adapted for thousands of years gave rise to tofu, tempeh, tamari, miso, amasake, and edamame. .

Glycine max Cha Kura Kake Soybeans 20/3.00

3’ prolific plants; large bicolor seeds-redbrown on yellow; 46% protein (Lobitz)- good edamame. Maturity 110 days.

Glycine max Hakucho Edamame Soybeans 20/3.00

Stocky 2’ plants with large green succulent seeds, 2-3 seeds per pod. Maturity 95 days.

Glycine max Hidatsa Early Edamame Soybeans 20/3.00

16” plants mature early and do well in cool, wet soils. Seeds are medium sized.. Maturity 80 days.

Glycine max Jewel Soybeans 20/3.00

2-3’ plants with beautiful bicolor seeds, yellow with black saddle, having 37% protein (Lobitz). Maturity 120 days. They come from Manchuria (USDA) thru Robert Lobitz who named it.

Glycine max OAC Ares Soybeans 20/3.00

4’ plants that twine if planted early; yellow seeds, good yields. Maturity 120 days.

Glycine max Oosodefuri Edamame Soybeans 20/3.00

3-4’ well built productive plants, green pods, large green seeds. Maturity 140 days.

Glycine max Velvet Soybeans 20/4.00

3’ plants with silky white hairs on leaves and pods conferring insect resistance to some pests. Scott Vlaun in Maine found that Japanese beetles ate the edamame and tofu cultivars but left the Velvet alone. Said by Lobitz “found as a mutation of the Blackhawk variety in 1956”. Flowers are white so can be used as a genetic testing strain for outcrossing among soybean cultivars in the same field. Small yellow-white seeds.

Maturity 120 days.

Glycine max Vinton 81 Tofu Soybean 20/3.00

An excellent tofu bean; cream-white seeds, productive on 4’ plants. Maturity 140 days

Glycine max VIR 1501-40 Soybeans 20/3.00

4’ plants with twiners; yellow seeds with blue-grey overlay; productive. Maturity 110 days

Phaseolus coccineus v. albus Jack’s Runner Pole Bean 10/4.00

An Austrian Heirloom from Donna Truss of Eugene, Oregon that can run up 20’ in a season with large lima-bean-like seeds, 2-3/pod and white flowers. Named for the legend of climbing a beanstalk and ending up in another world. Gardening can do that for us, sometimes.

Phaseolus coccineus Scarlet Emperor Runner Pole Bean 20/4.00

A superior food plant cultivar. Vigorous vines begin flowering when a foot tall, providing delicious steamed green beans from early on in the season. Flowers are red, pods 6-8” long with 5-6 seeds/pod of pink overlaid by purple. An heirloom introduced into the USA in the 1800’s.

Phaseolus vulgaris Alice Sunshine Snap Bush Beans 25/3.50

20” large vigorous plants with flat green 7-8” pods with fine flavor and productivity. Original public domain breeding Robert Lobitz. For an extensive listing of Robert Lobitz’s snap bush beans, see the 2010 Peace Seedlings Annual List.

Phaseolus vulgaris Biko Snap Pole Beans 40/4.00

Productive snap bean cultivar with 6” pods and distinctive blue-grey seeds. Named in honor of Stephen Biko who was murdered in 1977 for opposing racial discrimination in South Africa .

Phaseolus vulgaris Domatsu Snap Pole Beans 40/4.00

Vigorous vines, 7-8” green round pods held in clusters, excellent cultivar.

Phaseolus vulgaris Hutterite Soup Bush Beans 25/4.00

During our first decade of seed growing and saving, we grew many different cultivars of bush beans without much savvy as to why they were heirlooms. Then one unusually cold and frozen winter we had to eat some of our bean seeds. At about the third pot of bean and vegetable soup we tried the Hutterite bean. Rather than staying as beans in the soup, they quickly turned into a thick, creamy chowder. It gave us some insight as to why certain seeds and their plants have been cherished and passed on from generation to generation. Sometimes we can rediscover the essential aspects of value to humanity in what continues to be worthy, even in high tech, high stress, high demand times.

Phaseolus vulgaris New Mexico Cave Snap Pole Beans 25/4.00

Distinctly patterned seeds on tall, medium–late vines with excellent 6” snap pods combine with its history to make this worth growing. A few years after we became members of the SSE (the Seed Saver’s Exchange), we received a package in the mail from a Mr. Pritchard with a note saying that the enclosed seeds would be of interest to us. He said they were the third generation from seeds found buried in a cave in a clay pot, sealed with pine pitch and C-14 dated to 1500 ago. Interestingly, some 15 years later, one of my customers related that her daughter in a UCLA anthropology course digging for pygmy elephants in New Mexico found a clay pot with the beans and had them carbon dated. No one has related about their initial germination and growth, both of which are considered unlikely in modern scientific terms. We have grown them for decades and the seeds are unlike any other. Several people have selected lines of this bean whose markings are characteristic and distinguishable from one another.

Phaseolus vulgaris Red Swan Snap Bush Beans 25/5.00

One of Robert Lobitz’s original public domain cultivars. 16-20” plants have 5” red snap pods of good flavor and distinctive appearance.

Pisum sativum Green Beauty Snow Vine Pea 30/3.50

8’ vines make 5-8” snowpeas in abundance, bicolor purple flowers, green pods, a choice

cultivar with large delicious oriental style peas.

Pisum sativum Magnolia Blossom Snap Vine Pea 25/5.00

Prolific vines exceed 8-10’ with green snap pods having a purple stripe and biolor purple flowers.

Pisum sativum Opal Creek Yellow Snap Vine Pea 25/5.00

Unique and tasty 3” snap pods on 5-6’ vines with while flowers and remarkably sweet leaves that surround the stems of the vines. The first yellow podded snap cultivar. Has been longstanding and productive in tropical ecologies. Named to commemorate the struggle to preserve our old growth forests.

Pisum sativum Spring Blush Snap Vine Pea 25/4.00

Vigorous vines to 8-10’ with regular tendrils, bicolor purple flowers and green snap pods

with a pink blush.

Pisum sativum Sugar Magnolia Purple Snap Vine Pea 25/5.00

Vigorous vines with purple flowers and purple 3-4” snap pods of fine flavor. This year’s seed stock has a mixture of tendril types: regular, hypertendril and vetch (no tendrils). Unexpectedly, the cross of a Parsley Bush Pea with a Purple Podded Snap Vine Pea generated a hypertendril trait. Hypertendrils are very distinctive, they hold a population of vine peas together, a useful self-supporting characteristic.

Pisum sativum Sugaree Snap Vine Pea 25/4.00

An excellent tall growing vine with 4” green snap pods, 2 flowers/ node, white flowers.

A public domain cultivar in a heavily taxed taxon.

Vicia faba Longpod Major Fava Beans 15/4.00

5-6 large seeds per pod on 3’ plants; plants can make nodules the size of a dime. They overwinter well here when small and before flowering. Then they make food early in the season before peas.

Vigna unguiculata Yard Long Beans=Yalobe 20/4.00

Tropical vines that make long pods16-24” or more depending on cultivar. They are a staple in several asian cuisines, cooked with oil, garlic and mushrooms. We provide a mix of cultivars, including Orient Wonder, Purple Pod as available.

Oxalidales

Oxalidaceae

Oxalis tuberosa Oca 10 tubers/$10

A staple foodplant in the Andes of South America. Brilliantly colored tubers come out of the mud in November and December as jewels of the earth. We supply a mix of medium sized tubers for 5 cultivars: Amarillo (yellow), Hopin (Hot Pink), Mexican Red, Rebo (Bolivian Red) and Grande. Plants are 1’ tall with shamrock leaves and tasty acerbic leaves. USA only.

Rosales

Rhamnaceae

Rhamnus purshiana Cascara Sagrada 10/3.50

Hardy perennial tree to 30’ or more whose bark and berries provided a much needed

laxative for folks whose protein rich diets lead to digestive problems.

EUROSIDS 2

Brassicales

Brassicaceae

Brassica campestris ssp. rapifera Turnips

6 Root Grex Turnips 100/3.00

An interbreeding mix of six cultivars chosen for edible leaves and quality roots that is adapting to our local gardens, an ongoing eco-adaptive development. This is the third cycle of interbreeding.

Brassica napus Frizee Kale 100/5.00

From a single plant among many Russian Red Kale was the progenitor of this new line. Leaves are ruffled, complexly shaggy, soft and of excellent edibility.

Brassica napus Russian Red Kale 100/3.00

A dependable heirloom for winter greens; to 4’, vigorous plants with leaves for salad and steamed greens in fall, winter, spring and summer.

Brassica oleracea Oregreen Curled Kale 100/4.00

Plants are 3-4’ tall with deeply curled green leaves on stocky stems. Selected from a

cross of Scotch Curled Kale and Pentland Brig Kale.

Brassica oleracea v. italica Nutribud Broccoli 100/5.00

Open pollinated, large primary heads and good side-growth after primary harvest, to 2’. Vigorous and nutritious with significant amounts of glutamine and other free protein synthesis and energy amino acids in the stems and buds.

Eruca sativa Arugula/Roquette 100/3.00

One of the choice temperate zone salad greens, particularly in fall, winter and spring where its unque spicy and pungent flavor improves salads and tickles the palate.

Tropaeolum tuberosum v. pilifera Mashua 2 tubers/$5

A very vigorous and productive new foodplant for the PNW. This is a tuberous rooted

nasturtium from Colombia, SA. Since it comes from north of the equator, there is no day length

problem in the production of tubers as we have found with Bolivian mashua cultivars. Tubers

are white with an anise fragrance, 6-8” long and produced in abundance, exceeding that of potatoes.

Makes a tight mat over the ground and small attractive orange flowers. USA only.

8 comments:

Carl de Borhegyi said...

For a great visual study of entheogenic mushrooms encoded in pre-Columbian Art, read BREAKING THE MUSHROOM CODE: Mushroom Religion Before Columbus, at mushroomstone.com

My name is Carl de Borhegyi, I am the son of the late Maya archaeologist Dr. Stephan F. de Borhegyi who was the first to propose that hallucinogenic mushroom rituals were a central aspect of Maya religion. He based this theory on his identification of a mushroom stone cult that came into existence in the Guatemala Highlands and Pacific coastal area around 1000 B.C. along with a trophy head cult associated with the Mesoamerican ballgame.

As a result of my own study and solid evidence from other scholars, I have been able to expand this subject far beyond my father's pioneering efforts. I now believe that Mesoamerica, the high cultures of South America, and Easter Island shared, along with many other New World cultures, elements of a Pan American belief system so ancient that many of the ideas may have come from Asia to the New World with the first human settlers. Judging from the wealth of mushroom imagery revealed in the art of the New World, I believe the key to this entire belief system lies, as proposed by R. Gordon Wasson, in early man's discovery of the mind-altering effects of various hallucinatory substances. The accidental ingestion of these entheogenic substances could very well have provided the spark that lifted the mind and imagination of these early humans above and beyond the mundane level of daily existence to contemplation of another reality.

This fascinating study will interest many of your readers.

Thank you,

Carl de Borhegyi

deborhegyi@gmail.com

Jimmy said...

Does anyone know how to get hulless buckwheat seed? I got it 20+ years ago from peace seeds but no longer have it and would dearly like to get it again.

Unknown said...

Jimmy - - do you mean Tartary Buckwheat (Fagopyrum tataricum)? Try Fedco Seeds.

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Anonymous said...

Interesting and shocking article in current Harper's Magazine:

http://harpers.org/archive/2013/07/blood-spore/

Stephen Dey said...

Hello Mushroom,
My name is Steve Dey. You may remember me from Zallalachi way back when as "Temporary". Good to see you still at it! I am down in southeastern Arizona gardening. still haven't got a brussel sprout/cabbage cross....yet. Working on open pollinated hot weather tomatoes, This year had one produce tomatoes at 108 degrees and early. also have a few what appear to be perenialized collard and kales. These produce prolific side shoots. Will work with these genetics and try to work large headed cabbage into the mix, any ideas? Wheeee what fun. Thanks for the inspiration. Steve
e-mail: stephendey59@gmail.com
Keep going brother the world needs more like you.

dr_funguy said...

Hi Alan,
Long time, ...
Have you seen this:
http://seedworld.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=792%3Agem-adds-diversity-to-corn-seed-world-september-2014&catid=144&Itemid=120
just curious what you think...
you can reply privately to dr_funguy at hotmail.com
be well!