Double Red Sweet Corn

Double Red Sweet Corn
Double Red Sweet Corn

Friday, January 21, 2005

Beneath the Surface

"More than 99% of the living matter (standing crop) on this planet...are represented by biofilms, microbial mats and biodictyons of the deep subsurface layers of the earth" W.E. Krumbein et al 2003

Scientific genius is a rare gift, both in finding and the developing. For a lifetime, soil science never made sense to me. The chemical analytical system of rock, sand, silt, clay, different sized particles composed of elemental materials made into compounds of silicon, calcium, iron, sodium, sulfur, aluminum, potassium, zinc, manganese, lacked as certain reality but I couldn't quite put my finger on what was missing.
Life was missing.
Molecular biology came along and the advances in looking at whole genomes of bacteria challenge existing status-quo beliefs about life on earth. With thousands of genes, baceria were solved, resolved into functions, compared and catalogued. And increasingly advances in understanding bacteria continue to transform our notions of reality.
Bacteria were studied by microbiologists for 150 years as free floating liquid dwellers.
Now it becomes clear that most bacteria live in rooted communities wherever water flows, settles, pools, clusters, eddies, accumulates or just passes by. These communities are composites of various living components, mostly bacterial. Some use sun or chemical energy t make organic compounds which are then shared with others that need them. Exchanges occur for iron or molybdenum or for cofactors that stimulate swimming towards the light or away from oxygen. Bacteria use alot of energy for making inter-communication molecules. Signals pass back and forth between bacteria, rapidly and routinely, reminiscent of our cell phone and internet human communication facility.
Rather than living a free floating life, bacteria prefer to live in biofilms, microbial mats or bacterial laminates. When these laminates solidify, they make rocks. In 1528 Paracelsus stated that microbial communities found in water turned into rocks. The predominant bacterial lifestyle is sessile. Attached. Rarely free. It took the microbiologists a while to figure it out. More than half of the gene activities are enhanced in the stable, composite, integrated communities.
I was raised on the precipitatory notion of sedimentary rock formation. Inorganic material precipitated from the top down, following gravity, giving rise to sedimentary rocks. Wrong! Bacterial communities grow on rocks, in pools, which dry down, become solid, rock-like, then rock. Microorganisms make an extracellular polymeric matrix of sugars as an environment and adaptational milieu for the changing times, which later turns into more rocks.
Times are always changing. Some changes are more profound than others.
The conversion of rock formation from abstract physico-chemical principles to the activities of tiny little creatures is a long climb after generations of ignorance. A scientist in the 16th century recognized the biological origin of sedimentary rocks. It took almost 500 years for current, modern science to come to the same conclusion.
Now a modern scientific genius in the biogeophysiology of the earth, W.E. Krumbein, tells us that most all of life on earth is bacterial and that most of them live under the earth's surface, dozens to hundreds of miles into the world we live on. They are the foundation of our lives. We walk on them all the time.
Not only did the bacteria make many of the rocks on the surface of the earth, but they built enduring biofilm communities whose current incarnations includes the surface of our teeth, the inside of our large intestine, many mineral ore deposits and the petroleum that fuels the present society.

Quote from Chapter 1 in "Fossil and Recent Biofilms" 2003 W.E.Krumbein, D.M. Paterson and G.A. Zavarzin Kluwer Academic Publishers.

4 comments:

edwardbrinick03204203 said...

Make no mistake: Our mission at Tip Top Equities is to sift through the thousands of underperforming companies out there to find the golden needle in the haystack. A stock worthy of your investment. A stock with the potential for big returns. More often than not, the stocks we profile show a significant increase in stock price, sometimes in days, not months or years. We have come across what we feel is one of those rare deals that the public has not heard about yet. Read on to find out more.

Nano Superlattice Technology Inc. (OTCBB Symbol: NSLT) is a nanotechnology company engaged in the coating of tools and components with nano structured PVD coatings for high-tech industries.

Nano utilizes Arc Bond Sputtering and Superlattice technology to apply multi-layers of super-hard elemental coatings on an array of precision products to achieve a variety of physical properties. The application of the coating on industrial products is designed to change their physical properties, improving a product's durability, resistance, chemical and physical characteristics as well as performance. Nano's super-hard alloy coating materials were especially developed for printed circuit board drills in response to special market requirements

The cutting of circuit boards causes severe wear on the cutting edge of drills and routers. With the increased miniaturization of personal electronics devices the dimensions of holes and cut aways are currently less than 0.2 mm. Nano coats tools with an ultra thin coating (only a few nanometers in thickness) of nitrides which can have a hardness of up to half that of diamond. This has proven to increase tool life by almost ten times. Nano plans to continue research and development into these techniques due to the vast application range for this type of nanotechnology

We believe that Nano is a company on the move. With today�s steady move towards miniaturization we feel that Nano is a company with the right product at the right time. It is our opinion that an investment in Nano will produce great returns for our readers.

Online Stock trading, in the New York Stock Exchange, and Toronto Stock Exchange, or any other stock market requires many hours of stock research. Always consult a stock broker for stock prices of penny stocks, and always seek proper free stock advice, as well as read a stock chart. This is not encouragement to buy stock, but merely a possible hot stock pick. Get a live stock market quote, before making a stock investment or participating in the stock market game or buying or selling a stock option.

bendenton5938 said...

I read over your blog, and i found it inquisitive, you may find My Blog interesting. My blog is just about my day to day life, as a park ranger. So please Click Here To Read My Blog

davidprice8290533265 said...

While you read this, YOU start to BECOME aware of your surroundings, CERTIAN things that you were not aware of such as the temperature of the room, and sounds may make YOU realize you WANT a real college degree.

Call this number now, (413) 208-3069

Get an unexplained feeling of joy, Make it last longer by getting your COLLEGE DEGREE. Just as sure as the sun is coming up tomorrow, these College Degree's come complete with transcripts, and are VERIFIABLE.

You know THAT Corporate America takes advantage of loopholes in the system. ITS now YOUR turn to take advantage of this specific opportunity, Take a second, Get a BETTER FEELING of joy and a better future BY CALLING this number 24 hours a day.
(413) 208-3069

Anonymous said...

Hi are using Wordpress for your site platform? I'm new to the blog world but I'm trying to get started and create my own.
Do you require any coding expertise to make your own
blog? Any help would be really appreciated!

My site: best way to lose weight fast